Wayback Wednesday: Challenger Expedition 1872

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HMS Challenger Image
Image Credit: Interactive Oceans
University of Washington
Author: William Frederick Mitchell

One hundred and fifty years ago, today…

The Challenger expedition of 1872–1876 was a scientific program that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography. The expedition was named after the naval vessel that undertook the trip, HMS Challenger.

The expedition, initiated by William Benjamin Carpenter, was placed under the scientific supervision of Sir Charles Wyville Thomson of the University of Edinburgh and Merchiston Castle School, assisted by five other scientists, including Sir John Murray, a secretary-artist and, a photographer. The Royal Society of London obtained the use of Challenger from the Royal Navy and, in 1872, modified the ship for scientific tasks, equipping it with separate laboratories for natural history & chemistry. The expedition, led by Captain Sir George Strong Nares, sailed from Portsmouth, England, on [December 21, 1872]. Other naval officers included Commander John Maclear.

Under the scientific supervision of Thomson himself, the ship traveled approximately 68,890 nautical miles (79,280 miles/127,580 kilometres) surveying and exploring. The result was the Report of the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76 which, among many other discoveries, catalogued over 4,000 previously unknown species. John Murray, who supervised the publication, described the report as “the greatest advance in the knowledge of our planet since the celebrated discoveries of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.” Challenger sailed close to Antarctica but, not within sight of it. However, it was the first scientific expedition to take pictures of icebergs.

Wikipedia Summary

From Deep Sea to Laboratory (The First Explorations of the Deep Sea by H.M.S. Challenger 1872-1876)/ISTE UK Website
Then & Now: The HMS Challenger Expedition & the Mountains in the Sea Expedition/NOAA Ocean Explorer/2003
HMS Challenger Expedition/Natural History Museum UK/2014 (Web Archive)
HMS Challenger/USCD Aquarium/2008 (Web Archive)

10 thoughts on “Wayback Wednesday: Challenger Expedition 1872

    Badfinger (Max) said:
    December 22, 2022 at 10:54 AM

    I had no clue they were doing scientific expeditions this early…. cool setup

      The Hinoeuma responded:
      December 22, 2022 at 12:10 PM

      Can you imagine the activity on that ship? The hardship, coupled with wonderment and exhilaration? Cold ass weather, too?

        Badfinger (Max) said:
        December 22, 2022 at 9:03 PM

        I would like to see the setup they had. I bet it was cold as hell on that boat!

          The Hinoeuma responded:
          December 22, 2022 at 10:19 PM

          Probably but, like I said to Brian, below, people were a lot tougher back then.

            Badfinger (Max) said:
            December 23, 2022 at 1:03 AM

            Oh no question…hell Vic…they were tougher 40 years ago.

              The Hinoeuma responded:
              December 23, 2022 at 1:44 PM

              Yep. Most people, today, are whiny children.

                Badfinger (Max) said:
                December 23, 2022 at 3:54 PM

                Yes they are… millennials especially.

                  The Hinoeuma responded:
                  December 23, 2022 at 6:08 PM

                  Gen Z, too. Gen Alpha will be the smallest group…smaller than us Gen X.

    doerfpub said:
    December 22, 2022 at 1:39 PM

    As much as I am thankful for the many contributions these sailors made to our society.. I still think they are absolutely crazy – guessing incredible hardships and uncertainty not knowing what they were going to encounter.

      The Hinoeuma responded:
      December 22, 2022 at 9:46 PM

      I think people were a lot tougher back then.

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